New Jersey has embarked on an evaluation pilot project to give us valuable information about how to develop a fair, effective teacher evaluation system because our students deserve the best, and our teachers want to give their best. Recent research shows that despite the United States’ slipping in rankings on international tests (2009 PISA results place the U.S. 17th, 31st, and 23rd in reading, math, and science, respectively), virtually all teachers are rated satisfactory, and most educator evaluation systems fail to incorporate measures of student learning. Effective educators are the most important in-school factor for student success. Teachers need timely, actionable feedback to improve their practice -- and students deserve high-quality teachers who continuously grow and improve. Currently, New Jersey lacks a robust statewide evaluation system that adequately measures effectiveness and distinguishes between teachers who are excelling and those who are struggling and need support. Our pilot project will give us insight about how to recognize great teachers, help good teachers become great, and help struggling teachers to overcome their deficiencies.